Due to the surge in cases in India, it’s important to identify basic symptoms of COVID-19 fever, coughing, fatigue, and breathing problems and take a call on the severity of the infection based on that decide if you can treat it at home similar to how you handle a cold or the flu. Most people with COVID-19 who either are asymptomatic or have taken both the doses of the vaccination won’t need hospital care. Call your doctor to check the severity of your infection and based on his guidance decide to take home Coronavirus treatments.

A lot of Pharma companies and scientists are trying to develop medication to treat Covid-19 and also testing if existing medication will be effective in treating the infection. In the meantime, there are a number of treatments that can be taken at home and in the hospital for treating this infection.

About 80% of people have mild infections that can be treated at home. In this case, you should isolate for at least one week until you recover fully.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of COVID-19, a disease caused by coronavirus, include:

  • Fever (37.8 ° C or temperature above the skin which feels hot to the touch)
  • A new, persistent cough
  • Decrease or change in your sense of smell or taste
  • Shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Headache 
  • Sore throat
  • aches and pains

At- Home Coronavirus Treatment

If your symptoms are mild after consulting with your general physician, then you can take at home treatment, listing a few mandates of what to do :

  • Rest – will help you to feel better and recover faster
  • Stay home – Quarantine yourself, avoid going to public places. Don’t take up work or home chores thinking you can manage on your own.
  • Drink fluids - You lose a lot of water when you feel sick, hence it’s important to drink a lot of fluids as dehydration can worsen your symptoms and can create other health problems.
  • Monitor – Monitor your fever and oxygen levels, if your symptoms get worse, call your doctor right away and take action accordingly.
  • Avoid alcohol - Avoid alcohol as it will dehydrate you. People suffering from COVID-19 can have liver damage which can worsen by drinking alcohol. 
  • OTC Medication - Ask your doctor about over-the-counter medicines (OTC) that may help, like acetaminophen to lower your fever. For most viral infections, including the flu and the common cold, simple pain relievers such as paracetamol and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen are widely recommended.

The most important guideline that everybody is talking about since day one is to self-quarantining yourself to avoid infecting other people, especially those who are above 65 or who have other health issues.

That means:

  • Try to be at one place in your house, use separate bathrooms and bedrooms to avoid infecting your family members. Due to lack of resources if it’s not possible then sanitize whatever you touch.
  • Inform other people about your health status, so that they stay away from you
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, elbow, or sneeze inside your tee-shirt and clothes
  • Wear a mask over your nose and mouth whenever you are sharing a space with anyone in your house all the time
  • Ensure proper cleanliness and especially your hands. Keep washing them properly.
  • Don't share dishes, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with anyone else.
  • Clean and disinfect common surfaces like doorknobs, counters, and tabletops.

 How can I help a family member with COVID-19at home?

 The ill person should stay in a separate room. If this is not possible, then keep at least a 1-metre distance from them. The sick person and anyone else in the same room should wear a medical mask.

Provide good ventilation in the room of the ill person and shared spaces, and open windows if possible and safe to do so. Those with mild or moderate disease can be considered for home care if they are under the age of 60, do not smoke, are not obese, and do not have other diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic lung disease, cancer, chronic kidney disease, immunosuppression.

A health worker will assess risk factors along with the person’s symptoms, medical history, and the ability for the family to manage the care. Household members need to limit shared spaces, practice the recommended hygiene and know how to recognize and respond to signs of worsening health.

A trained health worker will need to assess whether the home in question is suitable for the isolation and care of a COVID-19 patient, and proper infection prevention control measures are put in place. Trained health workers are also important to support the patient and family in the home, or by phone, telemedicine, or outreach teams.

How to relieve cough? 

 If you have a wet cough with lots of mucus, you want to take an expectorant to help get the mucus out. If you have a dry cough, a cough suppressant is what you want.

 How can I protect myself and others from getting COVID-19?

 Everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses should be followed, these include:

• Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water is not available.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
• Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
• Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
• Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and other people, particularly those who are coughing, sneezing and have a fever.
• Wear cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
• Stay home and self-isolate even with minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover.

How long should people with COVID-19 stay at home and in isolation?

People with COVID-19 who are cared for at home should stay in isolation until they are no longer able to transmit the virus to others:

  • Those with symptoms should stay isolated for a minimum of 10 days after the first day, they developed symptoms, plus another 3 days after the end of symptoms – when they are without fever and without respiratory symptoms.
  • People without symptoms should stay isolated for a minimum of 10 days after testing positive.